Cleft Palate in Cats

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Feline Cleft Palate

Cleft palate is an abnormal opening in the roof of the mouth. It is caused by failure of the two sides of the palate (roof of the mouth) to come together and fuse during embryonic development. A cleft palate results in an opening between the nasal passages and the mouth.

Symptoms and Types

Symptoms expected with a cleft palate include:

Causes

Cleft palate is most often a congenital disorder, likely inherited, and there is a breed predilection in Norwegian forest cats, ocicats, Persians, ragdolls, savannahs, and Siamese.

Cleft palates can also be caused by exposure of pregnant female cats to teratogenic chemicals (chemicals that interfere with normal embryo development). These chemicals include griseofulvicin and excessive vitamin A and vitamin D. In these cases, the kittens may be born with cleft palates.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is made by a visual examination of the cleft palate.

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teratogenic

Something capable of producing defects in a fetus

pharynx

A cavity in the mouth where the respiratory systems and gastrointestinal systems come together

embryonic

Something having to do with an embryo or the development of an embryo

embryo

The zygote that is developed after conception

Courtesy of petmd.com Original Article

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