Blood in the Front of the Eye in Cats

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Hyphema in Cats

Hyphema, or blood in the anterior chamber of the eye, is a common condition among cats. However, hyphema is a clinical sign and not a specific disease in itself.

Symptoms and Types

The symptoms of hyphema are dependent on the extent of bleeding, whether vision has been impaired, and whether your cat has other systemic diseases.

The most common signs found during a physical examination are:

  • Blood within the anterior chamber of the eye
  • Corneal edema or corneal lesions
  • Intraocular Pressure (IOP) may be elevated

Causes

The most common causes of hyphema are:

Hyphema can also be indicative of various ocular and systemic deficiencies. Therefore, diagnosis and proper treatment is very important.

Diagnosis

Hyphema is diagnosed through hematology and blood biochemistry, lab tests, and diagnostic imaging using X-rays and ultrasound tests.

A complete medical history is taken and a thorough physical examination is performed to include or exclude possible causes.

Common diagnostic tests and procedures include:

  • Complete blood count with platelet count
  • Serum biochemistry to measure serum levels in protein
  • Coagulopathy tests to assess blood coagulation functions
  • Blood pressure
  • Urinalysis, to exclude kidney diseases
  • Chest and abdominal X-rays
  • Ocular ultrasounds (ultrasonography) to investigate the anterior portion of the eye and include or exclude possibilities of retinal detachment, lens displacement, abnormal masses, and vitreal hemorrhage

Other advanced tests that may be performed include abdominal ultrasounds, X-rays of the head and eye orbit to detect traumatic injuries, and hormonal tests (assays) of the adrenal glands. To detect bone marrow cancer, a bone marrow aspirate – the liquid found within the bone marrow – may also be done.

  • diagnostic tests
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platelet

A cell that aids in clotting

ocular

Anything having to do with the eye

lymphoma

A term for a type of neoplasm that is made up of lymphoid tissue; these masses are usually malignant in nature

prognosis

The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance

systemic

Something that is related to the whole body and not just one particular part or organ

vasculitis

Any inflammation of a blood vessel or lymph.

uveitis

A medical condition in which the uvea becomes inflamed.

iris

The colored layer around the pupil

hemorrhage

Extreme loss of blood

dilate

To make something wider

aspirate

a) inhaling b) getting out fluid or gas by the act of sucking.

anterior chamber

Veterinary term used to indicate the space behind the cornea of the eye and in front of the iris; contains liquid.

dysplasia

A condition in which growth and development are not up to normal standards

edema

The collection of fluid in the tissue

anterior

In veterinary terms, used to refer to the front of the body.

glaucoma

A disorder that has resulted from intraocular pressure

hyphema

Hemorrhage into the back of the eye

Courtesy of petmd.com Original Article

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