Blood Disorders Related to FeLV Infection in Cats

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Cyclic Hematopoiesis in Cats

Cyclic hematopoiesis is a disorder of the formation of blood cells, which rarely affects cats. When it does occur, reports are related to cats that are infected with the leukemia virus (FeLV) infection, a virus that suppresses the immune system in cats. Cyclic hematopoiesis that has been observed in cats appears to be another possible non-cancerous manifestation of the FeLV infection.

Symptoms and Types

  • Signs and symptoms of FeLV
  • Weakness/lethargy
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Diarrhea
  • Recurrent skin infections
  • Fever
  • Anemia

Causes

This blood disorder is directly related to the feline leukemia virus (FeLV) infection in cats. The FeLV virus is transmitted by other infected cats.

Diagnosis

You will need to provide a thorough history of your cat's health and recent activities leading up to the onset of symptoms. Your veterinarian will perform a complete physical exam on the cat, including a blood chemical profile, a complete blood count, an electrolyte panel, and a urinalysis.

Cyclic hematopoiesis cause formation abnormalities throughout the circulatory system's cell lines, such as in the formation of blood platelets, the cells responsible for clotting; neutrophils, white blood cells that are essential for the destruction of infectious microorganisms; reticulocytes, immature blood cells that occur during the regeneration of blood; and monocytes, white blood cells that are formed in the bone marrow and spleen, and which ingest cellular debris and foreign particles in the blood. If the complete blood count shows an abnormally low number of neutrophils and cyclic variations of other cell lines over several days, along with signs of a feline leukemia virus infection, this will strongly support a diagnosis of cyclic hematopoiesis.

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urinalysis

An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness

lymph nodes

Small structures that filter out the lymph and store lymphocytes

leukemia

An increase in the number of bad white blood cells

lethargy

The condition of being drowsy, listless, or weak

Courtesy of petmd.com Original Article

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